Saturday, December 15, 2007

Arthurian Asteroids


747 Windchester (specifically described as being Camelot)
774 Armor (as in protection)
1966 Tristan (Arthurian knight who died for love...)
2041 Lancelot (Arthurian knight)
2054 Gawain
2082 Galahad (Arthurian knight)
2456 Palamedes (Arthurian knight)
2483 Guinevere (Guinevere, King Arthur's queen)
2597 Arthur (King Arthur, legendary king)
2598 Merlin (Merlin, wizard who helped King Arthur)
3180 Morgan (Fata Morgana/Morgan le Fay/Morgana 1/2 sister to Arthur)
4362 Carlisle
5841 Stone (sword and the stone)
6546 Kaye
9499 Excalibur (magical sword)
9500 Camelot (the castle)
9501 Ywain (Arthurian knight)
11311 Peleus (Pelleas, Arthurian knight)

The central themes of the Arthurian cycle vary depending on which texts are examined. However, they include the establishment of Arthur as king through the sword in the stone episode, the advice of the wizard Merlin, the establishment of the fellowship of knights known as the Round Table and the associated code of chivalry, the defence of Britain against the Saxons, numerous magical adventures associated with particular knights, notably Kay, Gawain, Lancelot, Percival and Galahad, the enmity of Arthur's half-sister Morgan le Fay, the quest for the Holy Grail, the adultery of Lancelot and Arthur's Queen Guinevere, the final battle with Mordred, and the legend of Arthur's future return. The magical sword Excalibur, the castle Camelot and the Lady of the Lake also play pivotal roles.

The following are real places which are clearly identifible in a text and which are mentioned in Arthurian legend and romance as being used by Arthur as a place to hold a court. In the romances Arthur, like all medieval monarchs, moves round his kingdom.

Caerleon on-Usk in Newport in South Wales from Geoffrey of Monmouth.
London in Geoffrey of Monmouth
Carlisle, Cumberland on the western edge of Hadrian's Wall.
Cardigan in Chr├ętien de Troyes
Winchester is specifically described as being Camelot in Thomas Malory.
St David's One of Arthur's three courts in the Welsh Triads.
Stirling Beroul's 12th century "Romance of Tristan".

Unidentified Sites
Celliwig in Cornwall. Perhaps the earliest known description of a location of an Arthurian Court. Also in the Triads.
Pen Rhionydd in the Welsh Triads is Arthur's Northern court, possibly near Stranraer in Rheged.

Various places which have been identified as the location of Camelot, including many of those listed above. Others include:

Cadbury Castle hill fort, referred to as a location for Camelot by John Leland in 1542. "At the very south end of the church of South-Cadbyri standeth Camallate, sometime a famous town or castle. . .The people can tell nothing there but that they have heard Arthur much resorted to Camalat...". A well on the ascent is known locally as Arthur's Well; the highest part of the hill is known as Arthur's Palace, these names being recorded as early as the late 16th century.
Colchester, a town in Essex, England (or its Roman antecedent Camulodunum) has been cited as one of the potential sites of Camelot. Though the name "Camelot" may be derived from Camulodunum (modern Colchester), the Iron Age capital of the Trinovantes, and later the provincial capital of Roman Britannia, its Essex location close to the east coast - and so very close to the earliest Anglo-Saxon settlement - places it in the wrong Anglo-Saxon kingdom.
The ex-Roman fort of Camboglanna on Hadrian's Wall
Campus Elleti in Glamorgan
Camelford in Cornwall
Camelon Fort at Falkirk
Dinerth Castle near the River Arth, West Wales
Saltwell Park, in Gateshead
Chard, Somerset
Graig-Llwyn near Lisvane
Llanmelin hill-fort near Caerwent
Camlet Moat near Trent Park, by Enfield Chase, London
Slack, near Huddersfield, Like Colchester, the Romans had a fort named Camulodunum there.
Cadbury Camp
Windsor Castle. In 2005, the Channel 4 series Time Team did an archaeological dig and found the remnants of a large round building, which it was speculated could have housed the mythical Round Table that King Arthur used to greet his Knights.
Roxburgh in the Scottish Borders, proposed by Alistair Moffat in his work 'Arthur and the Lost Kingdoms'.
Norma Lorre Goodirch suggests in her book, King Arthur, that Camelot simply means Castle of the Hammer, which she suggests Arthur was called, thus could be any castle which he temporarily made his base.

At Glastonbury on the queer,
They made Artourez toumbe there,
And wrote with latyn vers thus,
Hic jacet Arturus, rex quondam, rexque futurus
(Here lies Arthur, the once and future king).
Glastonbury is conceived of as the legendary island of Avalon. An early Welsh story links Arthur to the Tor in an account of a conflict between Arthur and the Celtic king, Melwas, who was said to have kidnapped Arthur's wife Queen Guinevere. In 1191, monks at the Abbey claimed to have found the graves of Arthur and Guinevere to the south of the Lady Chapel of the Abbey church, which was visited by a number of contemporary historians including Giraldus Cambrensis. The remains were later moved, and lost during the Reformation. Many scholars suspect that this discovery was a pious forgery to substantiate the antiquity of Glastonbury's foundation, and increase its renown. Others have suggested that the monastery was desperately short of funds at the time, and staged the "discovery" as a means of increasing pilgrimage (and thus, offerings and alms from those coming to see the remains of the famous king). If the latter supposition is true, then the deception worked - after the discovery, the abbey became wealthy for some time to come.

In the Arthurian legend, Gawain’s strength increased until noon and then decreased, linking him to the Sun. The solar myths speak of the strengths that we have as individuals, and these strengths are also characteristics associated with our Sun signs.

MORDRED You have the power of contempt.History: The son of Arthur and Morgana, Mordred despises the world around him, and all that inhabit it.

LANCELOT You have the power of valor
History: Arthur's best friend, and the noblest of his Knights, Lancelot struggles with his feelings for Guenevere, and his loyalty to his king.

GUENEVERE You have the power of betrayal History: The wife of King Arthur, Guenevere is secretly in love with his greatest Knight of the Round Table.

ARTHUR History: The King of Britain, Arthur founded the Round Table. He rules first by example. You have the power of duty.

Uther Pendragon, father of Arthur
Mordred, Arthur's heir and enemy
Avalon, Arthur's resting place

Knights of the Round Table:

other important figure:
Morgan le Fay
Sir Ector

One concerns Camelot, usually envisioned as a doomed utopia of chivalric virtue, undone by the fatal flaws of Arthur and Sir Lancelot. The other concerns the quests of the various knights to achieve the Holy Grail; some succeed (Galahad, Percival), and others fail (Lancelot).

The medieval tale of Arthur and his knights is full of Christian themes; those themes involve the destruction of human plans for virtue by the moral failures of their characters, and the quest for an important Christian relic. Finally, the relationships between the characters invited treatment in the tradition of courtly love, such as Lancelot and Guinevere, or Tristan and Iseult. In more recent years, the trend has been to attempt to link the tales of King Arthur and his knights with Celtic mythology, usually in highly romanticized, early twentieth century reconstructed versions.

Additionally, it is possible to read the Arthurian literature in general, and that concerned with the Grail tradition in particular, as an allegory of human development and spiritual growth (a theme explored by Joseph Campbell amongst others).
In Welsh legend, Arthur's sword is known as Caledfwlch.

Edward L. G. Bowell (or) Ted Bowell born 1943 in London is an American astronomer. Bowell was educated at Emanuel School London, University College, London, and the Universite de Paris.

He is principal investigator of the Lowell Observatory Near-Earth-Object Search (LONEOS).

He has discovered a large number of asteroids, both as part of LONEOS and in his own right before LONEOS began.
Astronomer Edward Bowell

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